Security is now a prime concern when writing the apps for handheld devices, specifically on an Android based system where a root user can gain access to almost everything which is there or was there on the device(Now please reimagine listing your device on craiglist for a sale :)).

A quick refresher, Mobile Devices provide the following mechanisms and storages to securely store information(Since username and passwords are the most stored ones, we would be specifically covering and referring those):

The following Storages are available:

  • Sqlite
  • Shared Preferences
  • In Code
  • Keystore/Keychain storage

The following mechanisms are most followed(In the order of least to most recommended):

  • Store as cleartext in Sqlite/Shared preferences
  • Store encrypted using a symmetric key
  • Using Android Key Store
  • Store encrypted using asymmetric key

Cleartext storage is least recommended as there is no protection of user’s data. Anyone can extract the prefs/sqlite file using the adb backup command. There can be argument to set android:allowBackup flag to false in AndroidManifest.xml, but since Android is Linux based even then root can have access to all files.

A much better idea is to encrypt the data before it is stored. However, in this case it is very important that the encryption key is not stored in the code itself as the code can be decompiled.

Symmetric vs Asymmetric Encryption:

Symmetric encryption uses a single key to encrypt and decrypt data. Asymmetric encryption uses 2 keys, a public key(for encryption) and private key(for decryption). Asymmetric encryption is a better option due to the involvement of 2 keys. Apps, especially critical ones(Medical/Banking) at no point of time should have the password visible on the phone. A use case can be: User enters the password on the mobile device, it is encrypted using the public key and sent to the server where the decryption happens using the private key(private key being stored on server). After the password is verified a token is sent back to the app to allow the user to login. This flow is essentially important for HIPAA compliant apps where a quick check for one of the HIPAA regulations is to put your device in flight mode and check if the user can still login. If the user can still login then probably the app is not HIPAA compliant.

Symmetric VS Asymmetric Algorithms

Symmetric VS Asymmetric Algorithms

 

On the apps which do not connect to a backend but yet require encrypted information to be stored, Android Keystore is a good place to store the public and private keys.

 

 

 

 

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